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Does Russian Election Interference Damage Support for U.S. Alliances? The Case of Japan

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Author
Benjamin E. Goldsmith Yusaku Horiuchi
Category
Quantitative
Date Posted
2020/06/08
Date Retrieved
2022/09/24
Date Revised
Date Written
2021/09/24
Description
Scholars and practitioners often argue that the United States identity as a democracy contributes to the effectiveness and endurance of U.S. military alliances. One way to test this claim is to ask: what would happen if citizens of allied countries came to perceive U.S. democracy as severely flawed or diminished? In the context of now well-documented Russian interference in recent U.S. elections we examine whether Russias election interference and its perceived impact on American democracy damage foreign public opinion about the U.S. The results of our survey experiment fielded in Japan suggest that information about successful Russian election interference---i.e. interference that had an impact on the election outcome---reduces foreign citizens faith in the U.S. as an ally. This pattern most clearly manifests in reduced belief in the U.S. capacity to defend Japan. Our study sheds light on the connections between the image of the U.S. both as a trustworthy and effective state and the f
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JEL Classifications
C91 D74 D78 D83
Keywords
alliance soft power electoral meddling trust Trump Russia Japan
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Pages
52
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491
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URL
https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=4228578
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