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Concepts‐based Accounting Standards

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https://econpapers.repec.org/scripts/redir.pf?u=https%3A%2F%2Fdoi.org%2F10.1111%2Fabac.12240;h=repec:bla:abacus:v:58:y:2022:i:2:p:209-232
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Neural Networks
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Authors
Mark Penno
Abstract
While comparability across firms and consistency over time are generally held to be fundamental goals of financial reporting I provide an analytic representation of a concept that explains why concepts‐based accounting standards cannot assure comparability and why their induced consistency may not always be desirable. While the term ‘concepts‐based accounting standards’ has not caught on in the academic and professional literatures its use here emphasizes the foundational role that language‐based concepts play in constructing accounting standards. I appeal to the academic literature in machine learning neural networks and especially cognitive science—all of which may represent concepts by S‐curve (sigmoid) signatures. I then show how S‐curves can explain an accounting standards (1) precision (2) comparability across firms (3) demands placed on judgement and (4) consistency across time. Accordingly an S‐curve formulation may guide both analytical modelling of accounting standards and add structure to empirical research designs.
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Year Published
2022
Series
Abacus 2022 vol. 58 issue 2 209-232
Rank
0.93
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