Home

Slums and Pandemics

Abstract Views
1991
Author
Luiz Brotherhood Tiago Cavalcanti Daniel Da Mata Cezar Santos
Category
Quantitative
Date Posted
2020/08/05
Date Retrieved
2022/05/16
Date Revised
2022/04/19
Date Written
2020/08/02
Description
How do slums shape the economic and health dynamics of pandemics? A difference-in-differences analysis using millions of mobile phones in Brazil shows that residents of overcrowded slums engaged in less social distancing after the outbreak of Covid-19. We develop and calibrate a choice-theoretic equilibrium model in which individuals are heterogeneous in income and some people live in high-density slums. Slum residents account for a disproportionately high number of infections and deaths and without slums deaths increase in non-slum neighborhoods. Policy analysis of reallocation of medical resources lockdowns and cash transfers produce heterogeneous effects across groups. Policy simulations indicate that: reallocating medical resources cuts deaths and raises output and the welfare of both groups; mild lockdowns favor slum individuals by mitigating the demand for hospital beds whereas strict confinements mostly delay the evolution of the pandemic; and cash transfers benefit slum residen
Downloads
441
Exports
0
JEL Classifications
E17 I10 I18 D62 O18 C63
Keywords
COVID-19 Slums Health Social Distancing Public Policies
News Mentions
0
Pages
65
Random
809
Readers
17
Shares and Likes
0
Tweets
73
URL
https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=4086680
TOP