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DandelionTouch: High Fidelity Haptic Rendering of Soft Objects in...

Author
Aleksey Fedoseev, Ahmed Baza, Ayush Gupta, Ekaterina Dorzhieva, Riya Neelesh Gujarathi, Dzmitry Tsetserukou
Category
cs.RO
Date Published
2022/09/21
Date Retrieved
2022/09/22
Date Updated
2022/09/22
Description
To achieve high fidelity haptic rendering of soft objects in a high mobility virtual environment, we propose a novel haptic display DandelionTouch. The tactile actuators are delivered to the fingertips of the user by a swarm of drones. Users of DandelionTouch are capable of experiencing tactile feedback in a large space that is not limited by the device's working area. Importantly, they will not experience muscle fatigue during long interactions with virtual objects. Hand tracking and swarm control algorithm allow guiding the swarm with hand motions and avoid collisions inside the formation. Several topologies of impedance connection between swarm units were investigated in this research. The experiment, in which drones performed a point following task on a square trajectory in real-time, revealed that drones connected in a Star topology performed the trajectory with low mean positional error (RMSE decreased by 20.6\% in comparison with other impedance topologies and by 40.9\% in comparison with potential field-based swarm control). The achieved velocities of the drones in all formations with impedance behavior were 28\% higher than for the swarm controlled with the potential field algorithm. Additionally, the perception of several vibrotactile patterns was evaluated in a user study with 7 participants. The study has shown that the proposed combination of temporal delay and frequency modulation allows users to successfully recognize the surface property and motion direction in VR simultaneously (mean recognition rate of 70\%, maximum of 93\%). DandelionTouch suggests a new type of haptic feedback in VR systems where no hand-held or wearable interface is required.
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URL
https://arxiv.org/abs/2209.10503
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