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Deep learning and American options via free boundary framework

Author
Chinonso Nwankwo, Nneka Umeorah, Tony Ware, Weizhong Dai
Date Updated
2022/11/23
Category
q-fin.CP
Date Published
2022/11/21
Date Retrieved
2022/11/23
Description
We propose a deep learning method for solving the American options model with a free boundary feature. To extract the free boundary known as the early exercise boundary from our proposed method, we introduce the Landau transformation. For efficient implementation of our proposed method, we further construct a dual solution framework consisting of a novel auxiliary function and free boundary equations. The auxiliary function is formulated to include the feed forward deep neural network (DNN) output and further mimic the far boundary behaviour, smooth pasting condition, and remaining boundary conditions due to the second-order space derivative and first-order time derivative. Because the early exercise boundary and its derivative are not a priori known, the boundary values mimicked by the auxiliary function are in approximate form. Concurrently, we then establish equations that approximate the early exercise boundary and its derivative directly from the DNN output based on some linear relationships at the left boundary. Furthermore, the option Greeks are obtained from the derivatives of this auxiliary function. We test our implementation with several examples and compare them to the highly accurate sixth-order compact scheme with left boundary improvement. All indicators show that our proposed deep learning method presents an efficient and alternative way of pricing options with early exercise features.
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URL
https://arxiv.org/abs/2211.11803
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