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Bourgeois Energy Transition

Abstract Views
139
Author
Nicolas Boccard
Category
Quantitative
Date Posted
2021/11/18
Date Retrieved
2022/05/11
Date Revised
2022/03/23
Date Written
2022/03/22
Description
Using opinion surveys focusing on the environment we disentangle concern from activism to rationalize competing theories regarding the role of income in ecological awareness. Among nations we find income to positively influence activism but not concern. To understand how individual attitudes translate into collective action we match political party manifestos elections results and country per-capita income since 1960. We observe the presence of ecology within political agendas to rise with income whereas other major political themes appear to be mostly independent of income. Crucially ecology becomes a noteworthy political theme above the bourgeois annual individual income of 20 000 $ thus making the energy transition inaccessible yet for 80% of the world population. Alternative political choices open to the eco- logical movement are presented with some cautions regarding implementation.
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0
JEL Classifications
D72 D63 K16 C43
Keywords
Ecology; Environment; Election; Manifesto; Energy Transition; Kuznets
News Mentions
0
Pages
29
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238
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URL
https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=4064169
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